1. Where is Oman? Locations and its history
Beyond the walls of its capital city, Muscat, we are able to locate a safe and pleasant country with transforming scenery that transit between the wilderness and the warm Indian; and a population which will get you just like you were part of it. Oman is a nation located in western Asia, on the eastern coastline of the Arabian Peninsula. It borders the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, with Saudi Arabia to the west as well as Yemen to the southwest. The coast, meanwhile, is formed by the Arabian Sea to the south and east, with the Gulf of Oman to the northeast ( More on: https://oman-visa.info)
To talk a little bit concerning its historical past, we have that Oman extends its origins to the Stone Age, because there are signs of human settlements in the region, specifically in Ras al-Hamra, Al Wattih and Harappa. Additionally, the city appears named the first time in the 1st century AD. C., particularly when Greeks and Romans documented the existence of an important commercial port, what is now presently referred to as “Port of Muscat”, a link between East and West.
What happened to the Sassanid Empire?
The fights for power over the port of Muscat have been frequent over the centuries because of its strategic area between Arabian Sea, the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf. In other words, many have been the countries that have disputed the ownership of the territory, so it has been a very important element for the development and history of the country.
In the 3rd century, after living with the hands of Babylonians and Assyrians, Shapur I started an attack on the port, becoming under Persian rule.
What about the Conversion to Islam?
The Imamate era commenced when conversion to Islam happened. This took place in the 7th century and in the year 751 the first Imam was already established. From that point on, this period of time that commenced and it extended till the middle of the 12th century.
What was the Portugueses in the fights for power over the metropolis?
The Portuguese fleet initially found its way to Muscat in 1507, however they were met with shots from the port. The fights for power over the city were disastrous, but eventually the Portuguese took power over a hundred years. At that moment the Muscat fortresses were constructed, to protect against maritime assaults. Nevertheless, this did not stop the conquest of the Turks, which occurred twice (in 1552 and from 1581 to 1588.)
What about the Yaruba Dynasty?
In 1624, Nasir bin Murshid was chosen imam of Oman, he was the one who got rid of the Portuguese and also was responsible for uniting the country. He was also the founder of the Yaruba dynasty and also from it all the rulers of Oman emerged till 1749. It was a period of fantastic territorial growth simply because they conquered cities of East Africa such as Mombasa or Zanzibar.
What do we know about the Al Said Dynasty?
Declivity came in the middle of the 18th century, after having a civil war as well as the continuing incursions of the Persian king Nadir Shah. At that time, there was a power vacuum that resulted in theemergence of the Al Said dynasty. The most prominent leader of the 19th century was Said bin Sultan; he improved military supremacy and beaten Zanzibar.
How were your internal conflicts?
Disputes between the tribes inside the Oman and the Sultanate resurfaced in the 20th century, culminating in 1962 with the Dhofar rebellion. Sultan Said bin Taimur had to request the United Kingdom for help to quell the revolts and also had to move his home from Muscat to Salalah.
Qaboos bin Said
On July 23, 1970, Qaboos bin Said (son of the Sultan) started a coup d’etat and overthrew his dad. Ever since then, it has the overall power of the country, distinguished as Sultanate of Oman. No, he is also Prime Minister, Minister of Defense, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of Finance. His official residence is in the Al Alam Palace.